Mushrooms are a very nutritional part of your diet, since they contain B vitamins, amino acids and just 32 kcals per 100g. Of those calories, about 2/3 are due to carbs contained in the mushrooms whereas the remaining 1/3 is due to the protein content of the mushrooms.
The most important source of protein in a human’s diet is certainly derived from animals such as meat, poultry, eggs, cheese and fish which provide the body with high biological value amino acids. On the other hand, mushrooms consist of necessary amino acids as well, which makes them a significant protein source for vegetarians/vegans or for people who are fasting.
Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. If we consider proteins to be a house, amino acids would be the bricks needed to build it.
Twenty (20) different amino acids are needed to compose the proteins in the human body. Some of them can be produced by the human body itself and are, thus, considered non essential. However, there are also nine (9) amino acids that the human body cannot produce on its own and these are called essential or indispensable. These are leucine, isoleucine, methionine, lysine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, histidine and valine.
When a protein source contains an adequate proportion of all nine essential amino acids then it is considered a complete protein, whereas if not all nine essential amino acids are contained adequately then the protein is considered incomplete.
Some vegetable sources of protein contain sufficient values of all essential amino acids but many are lower in one or more essential amino acids. But when a mixture of vegetable-based protein is consumed then the dish becomes a complete protein source of high biological value! So mushrooms for example are rich in lysine and if you combine them with pasta or rice you get a dish with very high protein value!
Mushrooms are a rich source of vitamins belonging to the B complex. These vitamins are necessary to maintain a good and healthy nervous system and their deficiency has been linked to weakness, fatigue, emotional disturbances and mental confusion.
In addition to the above mentioned vitamins and minerals, mushrooms are high in vitamin D, which helps the human body absorb calcium and maintain healthy bones, strengthens the immune system and is helpful in maintaining a healthy heart and muscular system.
Concluding, mushrooms are an excellent nutritional choice as they offer a great number of precious nutrients and minerals. They are highly recommended for weight control and weight loss as they are very low in calories and are suitable for people with high blood pressure and those following a vegetarian or vegan diet.